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What is 5g Pcb Board: How to Design 5g boards? (2020 Guide)

2020-08-27

Is there anything like covid-19 5g pcb board?

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What effects does the 5G PCB Boards with the Coronavirus?

Although, it sounds weird, that 5G PCB Boards have anything to do with the coronavirus. But yet this conspiracy theory keeps popping up. A particularly unusual enemy in the Corona crisis is not a person, but a cell phone mast. Due to the numerous downstream end products, various electronic products have different requirements for PCBs.

In the 5G generation, designers use 5G PCBs in related base stations which need to have high frequency. And they also need high speed characteristics.

What is PCB board which is a base of 5G PCB Boards?

PCB is highly famous as the mother of the electronics industry. And it is one of the key components of electronic products. According to the degree of softness and hardness, PCB manufacturers divide them into the following,

  • rigid board (RPCB)
  • flexible board (FPC)
  • rigid-flex board.

In how many layers designers can chain the 5G PCB Boards industry?

Designers can chain the PCB industry by simply dividing into three layers. Furthermore, these 3 layers are:

Industry upstream: raw materials (copper foil, glass fiber, copper foil substrate, etc.).

Midstream industry: PCB manufacturing.

Downstream of the industry: terminal applications (consumer electronics, automobiles, communications).

How do the copper foil substrate impact on 5G PCB Boards?

The copper foil substrate has the greatest impact on the 5G PCBs. It shoulders the functions of 5G PCBs conduction, insulation, support. And hence is an important basic material for PCB manufacturing.

It accounts for about 20% to 40% of the total PCB cost. So, it is the highest proportion of all 5G PCB Boards raw material costs. Designers mainly make copper foil substrates with the following,

  • copper foil
  • resin
  • fiberglass cloth
  • wood pulp
  • ink and other raw materials.

Among them, copper foil is the key raw material for manufacturing copper foil substrates. Moreover, it is accounting for about 30% to 50% of the cost.

Hence, the price of copper foil affects the price of copper foil substrates. On the other hand, the price of copper foil depends on changes in copper prices. So, it is greatly affected by international copper prices.

5G PCB Boards China Industry status

According to Prismark statistics, the global 5G PCB Boards output value has reached 63.5 billion U.S. dollars in 2018. Furthermore, an annual increase of 8%. And China’s 5G PCBs output value has reached 33.4 billion U.S. dollars, an annual increase of 12.5%.

From 2018 to 2023, the global PCB output value CAGR will reach 3.3%. Hence, among them, China has the highest CAGR, reaching 4.4%. Moreover, the global output value of other regions such as,

  • Americas
  • Europe
  • Japan
  • Asia

reach

  • 1%
  • 2%
  • 4%
  • 7%, respectively.

Since China’s PCB output value accounts for more than half of the world’s share in 2016. And China’s position in the PCB industry has steadily improved. Prismark predicts that China’s 5G PCB Boards output value will rise to 54.3% of the world’s share in 2023. In addition, the position of China is stably ranking first in the global PCB industry.

 

How 5G PCB Boards are essential for progressing in 5G technology?

In fact, the 5G network has the characteristics of,

  • high speed
  • large capacity
  • and low latency.

In addition, to making it more convenient for ordinary people’s daily life, 5G continues to pervade into Internet of Things. And it is making progress in many industries, like:

  1. diversifying in communications
  2. autonomous driving
  3. industrial medical care
  4. smart homes, etc.

To reach the ideal level of 5G, base station technology and quantity become the key. At present, 5G large-scale base stations merge remote radio frequency modules (RRU) and antennas into AAU. And it means that AAU radio frequency substrates need to integrate more electronic components in a small space.

The printed circuit board industry is booming with the arrival of the 5G era. This is because demand for 5G PCB Boards has required for base stations and terminals is rapidly expanding to support 5G.

Moreover, new business opportunities are coming due to the demand for new materials and new technologies that support high frequencies. With the commercialization of 5G, high-frequency and high-speed communication equipment is an inevitable trend. So, high-frequency and high-speed PCB boards of 5G will benefit significantly.

As full-scale commercialization of 5G has approached, interest in high frequency PCB and their materials is increasing. This is because it has expected that the demand for PCB for high frequencies will continue to grow. Furthermore, new business opportunities will also create.

How will the demand for High-frequency 5G PCB Boards increase in 5G?

High-frequency 5G PCB Boards generally correspond to material damage prevention requirements.

So, electronic designers can use them in equipment that handles electromagnetic waves with frequency band of 1 GHz or more. And it also can handle a wavelength of 0.1 m or less. These high frequency PCBs have already used in various application fields. For example, we can see it in,

  • Bluetooth terminals
  • Servers
  • wireless LAN devices
  • antennas of some smartphones, etc.

These handle electromagnetic waves with a frequency band of 1G to 10GHz and a wavelength of 0.01 to 0.1mm.

In the future, experts are estimating that the demand for high-frequency 5G PCB Boards will increase in various fields. Such as,

  • 5G satellite communications
  • ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems).

Moreover, they are expecting that in these fields, frequency band of electromagnetic waves handled will be higher (10G to 100GHz). And the frequency band of electromagnetic wavelength will be shorter (0.001 to 0.01m). The requirements for low damage materials for high frequencies will become even more strict.

With arriving of up-coming 5th generation mobile communication system, a great wave of technological innovation is applying to PCB materials.

Additionally, if the material changes, the construction method will also change. Furthermore, it will be an opportunity for domestic board and component manufacturers to reach the accurate corner.

When has Japan successfully launched 5G technology with 5G PCB Bords?

Basically, 5G pre-commercial service with 5G PCB Boards has finally started in Japan. This is a full-scale 5G-compatible video distribution service. Now it is working in the submillimeter-wave 28 GHz band, rather than “sub-6” GHz band. Actually, this progress is ahead of some in the world.

This latest quality is different from the existing service. scientists had Introduced it at the venues of the “Rugby World Cup 2019”. Moreover, it has dominated all of Japan, with NTT Docomo playing a central role. I have enjoyed the multi-angle viewpoint and live viewing which has allowed me to see the games.

Furthermore, I also see the game players from various angles. In addition, I was able to experience a new style of watching sports. You will feel as if you are near the player. Perhaps in near future, combining with higher-definition images with 5G PCB Boards, we will able to experience video experiences.

The experiences that we have never seen before and powerful sports watching more closely.

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What is the best 5G technology innovations with the use of 5G PCB Boards?

Experts estimate that technological innovation that has started with 5G in mobile high-speed communication will become faster. And it will not only help in mobiles but also for automobiles and smartphones.

The electric signal that has transmitted through the electric wire becomes a radio wave. And signal which has transmitted through the waveguide and spreads to terahertz light.

Furthermore, scientists have described that this is a major technological innovation that fuses electricity and light. Polymer materials with excellent high-frequency characteristics are essential for electronics. Such as,

  • integrated circuits
  • encapsulation

5G technology with the use of 5G PCB Boards has dramatically improved three functions. Such as,

  1. high speed and large capacity
  2. low signal delay
  3. simultaneous connection of multiple terminals.

Hence, 5G technology with PCB Boards of 5G will change your way of living and experiences like never before.