أشياء يجب مراعاتها أثناء شراء ثنائي الفينيل متعدد الكلور الصيني2020-08-19
Things to Pay Attention to When Buying Chinese PCB
While buying Chinese PCB you must know that over 90% of the PCBs produced all over the world are produced in the APAC or Asia-Pacific countries including China to cover requirements of PCBs up to 50%. Today China is known as the leading manufacturer of PCBs in this region as it supplies a wide variety of PCBs almost all over the world. Germany, North America, France, as well as Latin America and Africa are some of the other countries that manufacture PCBs. Normally these PCBs are exported to other countries to assemble them is that they can be used in different applications.
While purchasing PCBs from China you will have to consider a few important things like:
Sourcing PCBs: You can source Chinese PCB through three methods including:
From the Supplier Directly
First of all, you can try your relationships with the suppliers of Chinese PCBs or by managing him.
You can develop a relationship with the supplier by contacting them on trade shows or online. You can source PCBs of your choice by developing a lasting relationship with the supplier. Along with establishing a trade relationship, you will have to exchange technical teams to understand the working of the PCBs. Your supplier can also work as a translator to make it easy for the teams to communicate with each other.
You can also buy Chinese PCBs directly for the supplier by managing them by taking care of their logistics as most of them sell their products FOB or EXW. You will have to find a shipping company that is familiar with Asian shipping routes. You can combine various solutions of transportation depending upon the requirements of production as well as the amount of purchase order.
But it may not be easy for ERP to handle transit time and delivery dates by grouping orders and shipments. It will increase complexities in receipts, duties, customs controls, and payment of taxes as well as control of the transport invoice. All this requires a lot of human resources familiar with international transport and customs transit as well as Chinese speaking English fluently, which may not be possible.
Work with an Importer of PCBs
The second way to buy Chinese PCBs is to work with an importer who will fulfill the requirements of the supplier to source PCBs for you. He will manage the logistics of the supplier and use his relationship to meet your requirements. For the industrial risk of the PCBs, the importer will be responsible as you have allotted accountability to him.
Call an Agent
The third method of sourcing Chinese PCBs is to hire an agent. He will use his relationship with the supplier as well as manage his logistics to get PCBs for you. He will charge his fee depending upon the type of his service required by you.
The industrial risk of the PCBs will be borne by the supplier if you buy it directly from him.
Cost of Sourcing PCBs
The cost of sourcing Chinese PCBs directly from supplier, in addition to their price to buy, can be calculated by three methods discussed here under:
- Cost of souring and auditing.
- Cost of the management of transportation.
- Cost of mobilizing cash.
However, the cost of sourcing PCBs through indirect sources can depend upon:
- Loss of suppleness linked with the lead time of transportation.
- Time spent by the service provider.
Methods of Transportation
في Chinese PCB you have purchased can be transported to your destination through 4 methods discussed here under.
Express transportation: It is the fastest method of delivery of your order at your destination. It may take 2-4 days and is most suitable for smaller orders. However, its cost will be higher than other options. You can also use it for larger orders after negotiating with the aggregator.
By air: It is another expensive way to deliver your order fast within 7 to 10 days. In this method, a forwarder takes your order form the work of the supplier and stores it with other goods to be exported. He routed the goods to your destination after negotiating with the airlines.
Through sea: It is the best choice for transporting bulk orders as it may take 5 to 6 weeks in all to deliver the goods at your destination. It is a very economic way to transport Chinese PCBs.
Through air-sea: By using both of these options you can be transported half of the way by air and the rest of it by sea. This method can save 50% of the time and 30% of the cost shipping them through the individual source.
Cost of Transportation
The cost of transporting your Chinese PCBs can depend upon the method of transportation used by you. You can manage the cost of transportation of your PCBs by choosing the right method of transport depending upon the volume of order and time of delivery. The cost of transportation can vary with the weight of the order. Chinese PCBs can be heavier due to the use of copper foil in them. The cost of transportation by air and sea can be:
- By air, the freight is charged at more than 6m3 for one ton of weight as it is calculated o the bass of weight and volume.
- By Sea, the charges will be calculated at 1m3 per ton.
Control on Quality
While buying Chinese PCBs it is important to ensure that they are as per your requirements. So, according to the certification process for new vendors you can either opt for performing regular audit or audit of quality. The auditor will focus on the efficiency of the manufacturing process of the vendor. The relevancy of the documents that comply with the standards of ISO TS 16949 or ISO 9000 may be doubtful.
To audit the provider it may not be right to call on inspection professionals as he may favor the protocol given by the provider. Moreover, it can be challenging to audit providers as you may not be able to convey your doubts as he may not speak English and you may not speak and read the documents written in the Chinese language. Furthermore, it may not be easy to find a trustworthy translator in China who knows about the manufacturing of PCBs.
Thus you cannot check the quality of Chinese PCB you have bought unless you are fluent in reading and writing the Chinese language.
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