Kỹ thuật và thách thức của bảng mạch PCB 8 lớp2020-07-13
Techniques and Challenges of 8 Layer PCB Board
What are an 8 layers PCB board?
A printed 8 layer PCB circuit board is installed into devices which are compact and that have very restrict spacing requirements; examples of these devices are like, communication backplane, wearable watch and laptop motherboard etc. Due to its high manufacturing cost and complexity, your 8 layer PCB board fabrication should be left for an experienced and reliable manufacturer.
You can make something to be more difficult by adding more layers—for instance, 3D cheese. Here you become responsible for plays and memorizing strategies as well you are supposed to track many boards at the same time. If you think Rubix cube is hard enough then when you get introduced to Rubik’s cube pentamix iteration, it will be like an entirely new level.
Fortunately, the majority of PCBs multilayers will not depend on the same memorization requirement and requires you to pay attention to multiple moveable pieces. You’ll instead get 8 layer PCB board, here you’ll be more cautious while balancing designs around frequency, EMI, power planes, digital and analog signals. While handling electronics designs with standard 8 layers, PCB board luck has been on our side.
Why should 8 layer PCB boards be used?
A double or single layer PCB is utilized in a typical design of PCB. Mostly, a double layer PCB is adequate to manage the project’s requirements. It is also best to ensure the PCB design is simple to minimize the risks of unnecessary complications. But in other circumstances multilayer design of PCB is appropriate. Cases of 8 layer PCB boards are rare, but in some applications, it is practised.
A circuit board is said to be multilayered PCB when the printed board has 3 or more layers of conduction. These layers of conduction are always sandwiched between insulative core and prepregs in a PCB board. The raw materials that are insulated are known as Prepregs, usually, FR4 whereas in the core a copper layer is attached.
In current time electronics are smaller, and the speed of the signal has become faster, a viable option is a multilayer PCB. In s standard 8 layer PCB board, there are approximately 4 copper layers for tracing signal. This also maximizes the space on the outer region of the component layers.
The designers of PCB rely heavily on multilayer PCB to maximize the integrity of the signal and the design. In a standard 8 layer PCB board the signal layers are distinguished by ground and power planes. These inner planes aid to minimize crosstalk between the signal layers and hence, increase the integrity of the signal.
How do a standard 8 layer PCB board look like?
Using hundreds of components while designing double layer PCB, is easy for a PCB designer who designs seasonally. However, your consideration and challenges are brought forth while introducing the PCB inner layer in your design.
Here is how typical layers of conduction are arranged in an 8 layer PCB board.
- Top layer
- Ground plane
- The inner layer (1)
- Power plane
- Ground plane
- The inner layer (2)
- Power plane
- Bottom layer
Keep in note that signal layers are distinguished by ground or power plane to minimize EMI emission and susceptibility.
Trong khi xây dựng PCB nhiều lớp, nhà thiết kế sẽ phải quyết định về vật liệu phù hợp trên lõi và preregs. Kiểm soát trở kháng có thể bị ảnh hưởng bởi sự lựa chọn và độ dày của vật liệu, tuy nhiên kiểm soát trở kháng là rất quan trọng đối với truyền tải thiết kế đường dây. Bạn sẽ phải đảm bảo rằng nhà sản xuất PCB có khả năng sản xuất bảng mạch PCB 8 lớp theo thông số kỹ thuật của bạn.
Các kỹ thuật hữu ích cho thiết kế bảng mạch PCB 8 lớp
Một thực tế phổ biến là việc sở hữu một bảng mạch PCB 8 lớp sẽ là giải pháp cho tất cả các tai ương EMI của bạn. Tuy nhiên, giả định này không đúng. Để bạn có được chức năng tốt nhất của bảng nhiều lớp, có một số phương pháp thích hợp mà bạn cần tuân thủ.
1. Hướng định tuyến
In some circumstances, an 8-layer PCB board maybe consisting of 6 layers of the signal. To reduce crosstalks of the signal traces on the adjacent layer should be perpendicularly routed. To be in a safe position, it should be habitual for you to route layers of the signal differently on layers that are subsequent even if they are distinguished by ground or power planes.
2. Return path
Visualizing the return path of a signal which has a high speed is essential, despite their location, take, for example, inner layer. Make sure that the signal return path is short and does not result in damaging or interfering with other components.
3. Ground plane
The thumb rule suggests that having split ground planes results in impedance discontinuity, and this should not be encouraged. This can be avoided by ensuring that the return path of the signal is short and in this way, you’ll also prevent other components from damages.
4. Blind or buried vias
You can increase the routing space further, by opting for blind or buried vias. Although, is advisable to consult with your manufacturer whether they are capable of producing PCB that comes with this.
8 layer prototype PCB board
The 8 layered PCB prototypes like FR-4 PCB, is an 8 layer circuit board consisting of 8 layers that are firmly stacked together with the dependable and predefined mutual connection between its layers. The circuit board has more complex structures. In the manufacturing field of 8 layer PCB prototype, the reputable name is twisted traces.
i. It consists of multiple ground and power planes- noise coupling is prevented by the digital ground plane.
ii. It offers more planes that are responsible for shielding signals that are coming from other adjacent layers.
iii. More layers help in signal routing that need matching.
iv. Analog signals with RF, impedance control and isolation is needed on traces.
The 8 layer PCB board is more advanced and advantageous as compared to the 4 layer PCB board.
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